Dutch twin brothers who mugged a teenager in the northern town of Groningen were arrested after being caught on camera by a car gathering images for Google's photo map service, police said.
The two stole the 14-year-old boy's mobile phone and $230 in cash last September 2008.
"The picture was taken just a moment before the crime," a police spokesman said.
In March, the victim recognised himself and the two robbers while surfing Google Maps, which has a "Street View" feature allowing users to see images of buildings. The images are usually taken by a camera mounted on a car.
After an investigation by the police, one of the 24-year-old twins confessed to robbing the boy.